What is Differentiated Instruction?

Differentiated Instruction is based on the following beliefs:

The key to a differentiated classroom is that all students are regularly offered CHOICES and students are matched with tasks compatible with their individual learner profiles.

Curriculum should be differentiated in three areas:

1. Content: Multiple options for taking in information

2. Process: Multiple options for making sense of the ideas

3. Product: Multiple options for expressing what they know


Differentiation for the advanced learners involves the adjustment of curriculum and instruction by using one or more of the following four dimensions:

1. Depth 

Depth refers to the concept of challenging learners by enabling them to venture further, deeper, and more elaborately into the area under study.

Questions related to the dimension of depth: 

2. Complexity

Complexity refers to the concept of broadening the learner's understanding of the area or areas under study by asking him/her to make connections, relationships, and associations between, within, and across subjects and disciplines.

Questions related to the dimension of complexity:

3. Novelty

Novelty refers to the concept of gaining a personal understanding of the area under study or constructing meaning of knowledge in an individualized manner.

Questions related to the dimension of novelty:

4. Acceleration or Pacing

Acceleration refers to the concept of altering the pace or speed of learning and providing more sophisticated resources for learning in order to challenge learners.

Questions related to the dimension of acceleration: